Author: 2nd Grade Lower Secondary, Volissos High School, GR
PARTNERS: 2nd Grade Lower Secondary, Olympion High School, CY;
1st Grade Upper Secondary, SS Vela Luka, HR
Chios- Mastic village
In the northeastern Aegean, on the crossroads from East and to West, on the island of Chios, mastic grows since centuries; mastic a product - a treasure whose unique beneficial and healing properties are scientifically proven.
Chios mastic (Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia) is the resinous secretion of the mastic tree (Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia). It is a natural, aromatic resin, which is secreted in the shape of tears from the trunk and large branches of the mastic tree, from the surface incisions caused by the producers’ sharp tools.
In 2014, mastic cultivation was inscribed on the list of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind (UNESCO 2003).
The mastic tree or schinos - scientifically Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia (family Anacardaceae), is an evergreen dense bush 2-3 meters tall, which grows slowly and gets its full growth after 40-50 years, reaching up to 5 meters tall in older plants. The schinoi are the main element of the Macchia plantation of the Mediterranean countries, but only in the Southern Part of Chios, in Mastichochora, the special characteristics of the soil and the microclimate, and the traditional cultivation finally bring such an impressive result and shape the uniqueness of this special resin. Any attempt to expand the crop beyond this limit has failed.
Nowadays, the results of laboratory and clinical research conducted by independent researchers in Greece and abroad, alike, prove that natural Chios mastic has unique beneficial and therapeutic properties; thus they confirm relevant historical references. In particular, the beneficial effect of mastic on diseases of the digestive system, its contribution to oral hygiene, its significant antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory action and the fact that it is a natural antioxidant has been scientifically proven.
Additionally, Chios mastic contributes to the healing of wounds and the regeneration of the skin. Also, Chios mastic is used in cooking and confectionery, distillery and cosmetology.